normalthings wrote: ↑
Tue Sep 11, 2018 10:14 pm
Matt asked about Kansas City’s large amounts of lowdensity suburbs/farm fields. Response:Kansas cities and other cities don’t talk about deannexation but it’s an important conversation that will need to be had.
First of all, let me say I have stated several times on this forum that KCMO has annexed too much land.
That said, one of the problems with de-annexation that would need to be remedied is another municipality annexing the land, denying future growth to the city that had originally annexed the land. Sure, it doesn't seem like like a city will ever need this land in the next 100 years, but even if the city grows densely, over time it needs to grow outward. Kansas City is closer to 500,000 now, but in 400 years it might be 5 million. We don't know. Climate change might drive people from the desert cities, and along the coasts, inland by then. The Phoenix metro area is around 4.5 million now, but 70 years ago it was around 70,000.
One of the problems with urban centers has always been parasitic outer cities that suck wealth and resources away from the original city.
What has happened is that the the more affluent decamp across a city border, and then not only do they just live in grassy subdivisions, they begin recreating mini-downtowns and office parks that also suck the life out of the original city.
Then it affects the ability of the metro to support things like facilities for arts, arenas, stadiums, airports, and zoos because a much poorer city is left to finance these things.
It's also a drain on resources. Perfectly-good buildings in the original city sit vacant of tenants--and left to deteriorate--while new buildings are built on the edges to poach employers and retail from the original city.
To prevent this, many cities annexed land they would not need for decades simply to deny adjacent municipalities from taking it.
There needs to be some state remedy that if cities do de-annex, the land wouldn't just be snatched up by another city. I guess there would need to be a quasi-annex level where the city essentially has dibs on the land in the future, but doesn't have to provide city services yet, and no other city can take it. The city could also have some jurisdiction over development in unincorporated areas to stop developers from putting in ill-conceived low-density projects that the city would become responsible for once they annexed in the future.